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College of Humanities and Natural Sciences

Undergraduate Bulletin
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Undergraduate & Graduate Dates to Remember*

Fall Term 2009

August 26-30 Wolfpack Welcome
August 31 Classes begin
September 4
Add deadline
October 30 Last day to withdraw & last day
to apply for graduation
December 11 Last day of classes
December 12-18 Final Exams

Spring Term 2010

January 8 New Student Orientation
January 11 Classes begin
January 15 Add deadline
March 12 Last day to withdraw & last day to apply for graduation
April 28 Last day of classes
April 30 - May 6 Final Exams
May 8 Commencement - all colleges

*College of Law dates on Law Bulletin

DEAN: Jo Ann Moran Cruz, Ph.D., OFFICE: 202 Bobet Hall
ASSOCIATE DEAN: Judith Hunt, Ph.D.

The College of Humanities and Natural Sciences serves as the anchor for all undergraduate study at Loyola. The liberal arts and sciences are key to the cultural and intellectual formation of the individual.

Students in the College of Humanities and Natural Sciences have distinguished themselves in scholarship, research, and service. In recent years, students have been awarded prestigious Rhodes, British Marshall, Mellon, and Fulbright scholarships. The college regularly recognizes the academic excellence of our students through the Dean's List, published at the end of each academic term.

The centerpiece of Loyola's liberal-arts education is the Common Curriculum, housed in the College of Humanities and Natural Sciences and required of all Loyola undergraduates regardless of the college in which they are enrolled. Writing, literature, and mathematics requirements combine with philosophy, history, religious studies, and other courses to afford students the perspective, skills, and knowledge that can enable them to form their convictions, beliefs, and commitments in an atmosphere of study and reflection.


The college offers the bachelor of arts degree in the fields of classical studies, English (with concentrations in literature or writing), history, languages (French, Spanish, Latin American Studies, Classical Studies), philosophy, psychology, and religious studies; the bachelor of science degree in the fields of biological sciences, chemistry, and mathematics. Students who wish to earn a bachelor’s degree through programs not regularly available in the College of Humanities and Natural Sciences may consult the associate dean about the possibility of a contract degree. The college also offers programs in pre-health, pre-dentistry, pre-veterinary, and pre-engineering. Through a special arrangement with the School of Engineering of Tulane University, Loyola students may participate in a program which leads to a B.S. degree from Loyola and an engineering degree from Tulane upon successful completion of both segments of the program. Interested students must consult the associate dean.


The requirements for the bachelor of arts and bachelor of science are the following:     





  1. Successful completion of an approved degree program within the college.
  2. At least a 2.0 Loyola cumulative average, major average, and minor average if minor is pursued. (Some departments may have more stringent requirements.)
  3. Completion of the Common Curriculum requirements.
  4. Completion of the foreign language requirement.
  5. Completion of at least one course that meets the college’s Cultural/Environmental/Gender/Ethnic studies requirement.
  6. Completion of all course requirements specified by major department.
  7. Completion of at least 30 hours in the major. (Some departments require more.)
  8. Certification for graduation by the student’s department.
  9. Completion of a comprehensive examination in the major for those departments requiring a comprehensive examination. Such departments will establish and publish in advance the nature of the comprehensive examination and the standard for acceptable performance.
  10. Completion of the last 30 hours of coursework at Loyola.
  11. Residency requirements: a minimum of 30 hours at Loyola University; a minimum of 15 hours in the major and 9 hours in the minor (if pursued); a minimum of 12 hours in the Common Curriculum.



Director: Judith L. Hunt, Ph.D., Interim Associate Dean

Many students enter college undecided about the field of study they would like to pursue. For students unsure of their educational and/or career goals, Loyola University offers the General Studies Program. While in this program, students work toward the completion of the Common Curriculum requirements while exploring major courses offered in a variety of disciplines at Loyola.

During their first semester, General Studies freshmen are assigned a General Studies advisor who will continue as their advisor until a major is declared. General Studies advisors are knowledgeable about all the degree programs in the college, and help guide students in determining a major that best suits their interests. Courses taken in this exploration process generally fulfill requirements for the major, adjunct, or general electives once the student selects a particular degree program.

Students may remain in the General Studies Program for a maximum of 55 hours. Since the college does not grant a degree in General Studies, students must officially declare a major by the end of their sophomore year.


The curriculum is meant to achieve two goals: to give the student a solid and well-rounded preparation in the major and to enable the student to grapple with current convictions, beliefs, and commitments in an atmosphere of study and reflection. The curriculum matches the goals of Catholic and of Jesuit liberalizing education, both of which function best in an open society, a pluralistic culture, and an ecumenical age. The curriculum is divided into five parts.

Part One–Major

Major: that series of courses which leads to a bachelor’s degree in a subject area. The major generally requires between 30 and 40 credit hours of study and is described under each departmental heading.

Part Two–Adjunct Courses

Adjunct Courses: that series of courses in areas allied to the major which leads to a well-rounded person. Thus, mathematics is necessary to a physicist and chemistry to the biologist. Some of these courses are specifically named under degree programs; others are selected in consultation with the student’s adviser or chairperson.

Part Three–Common Curriculum

Common Curriculum: The Common Curriculum complements the major and adjunct courses by providing a broad humanistic dimension to every undergraduate’s program. The program contains introductory and advanced courses.

Introductory Courses (T122 — T129)

Beginning students must take each of the following eight courses (24 cr. hrs.):

English Composition T122 Critical Reading/Writing
English T125 The Emerging Self
History T122 and T124 World Civilization I and World Civilization II
Mathematics T122* Math Models
Philosophy T122 Introduction to Philosophy
Religious Studies T122 Introduction to World Religions
Science T122 (Biology, Chemistry, or Physics)

* A different mathematics course may be designated by the student’s department.

Advanced Courses (U — Z 130 — 199)

Students elect eight courses (24 cr. hrs.) with two each in philosophy and religious studies, one in behavior/social sciences, one in humanities/arts, excluding philosophy and religious studies, one in natural science, and one more from any of the above areas. Two of the advanced courses must be labeled pre-modern. A student may not take a Common Curriculum course for Common Curriculum credit from his or her major department.A student wishing to check his or her progress against Common Curriculum requirements should check with the academic adviser of record or with the associate dean, College of Humanities and Natural Sciences. Only courses designated as Common Curriculum in registration materials fulfill requirements of the program. The advanced courses are under three major divisions: behavioral/social sciences, humanities/arts, and natural sciences. Courses are either modern or pre-modern within these divisions. The three divisions are as follows:

Behavioral/Social Sciences  
Communications Political Science
Economics Psychology
Education Sociology
Drama Philosophy
Classical Studies Religious Studies
English Visual Arts
Modern Foreign Languages Music
Natural Sciences  
Biology Mathematics/Computer Science
Chemistry Physics

The advanced courses offered each semester are selected from the courses listed below and additional new courses as they are approved. Course descriptions are found in listings under subject categories.


Pre-modern Courses
HIST W130 Zen I
HIST W139 Catholics: Their History
HIST W140 Between Eve and Mary: Women in Medieval Europe
HIST W142 Slavery/Race Relations
HIST W151 Archaeology and Society
HIST W152 Social History of Greece and Rome
HIST W166 The Quest for Empire
HIST W186 Discovering Africa
POLS W149 Ancient and Medieval Political Thought
SOCI W140 Development of Social Thought

Modern Courses

CMMN X133 Art of the Film
CMMN X136 Understanding Media
CMMN X137 Media Play
CMMN X170 The American Character
ECON X130 Economics and Society
EDUC X130 Culture and Learning
HIST X132 Russian Culture and Civilization I
HIST X136 Zen II
HIST X140 Italian Culture and Civilization
HIST X141 Drugs, Terrorism, and Democracy
HIST X143 Social Revolutions in Latin America
HIST X144 Discovering the Third World
HIST X145 Crisis in Central America
HIST X146 American Revolution
HIST X154 Palestinians and Israelis
HIST X156 Hero in American History
HIST X160 WWI in History and Literature
HIST X161 Autobiography as History
HIST X164 American Left in the Twentieth Century
HIST X170 The American Character
HIST X180 African-American Culture and History
HIST X190 Women in American History
POLS X134 Politics and Corruption
POLS X146 Politics and Society
POLS X152 The Bill of Rights
POLS X154 American Political Ideas
POLS X156 The Urban Form
POLS X158 Global Political Issues
POLS X159 Politics and the Media
PSYC X130 Models of Human Behavior
SOCI X132 Social Problems
SOCI X134 Social Policy and the Christian
SOCI X135 Environment and Society
SOCI X136 Global Environmental Crisis
SOCI X140 Global Sociology
SOCI X145 Peoples of Latin America
SOCI X150 Encountering the Caribbean
SOCI X152 Violence in Society
SOCI X154 Peoples of Sub-Saharan Africa
SOCI X155 Race and Ethnic Conflict
SOCI X186 Russian Culture and Society

Pre-modern Courses

CLHU U132 Socrates and Jesus
CLHU U138 Justice in Greek Literature
CLHU U142 The Development of Greek Tragedy
CLHU U144 The Greek and Roman Epics
CLHU U146 Greek Mythology
CLHU U148 Greek Art and Archaeology
CLHU U150 Roman Art and Archaeology
CLHU U156 Greek Elegies and Lyrics
CLHU U157 Greek Culture
CLHU U158 Roman Culture
CLHU U160 Pandora’s Daughters
CLHU U163 Greek and Roman Comedy
CLHU U165 Pagans and Christians
CLHU U168 Roman Republic
CLHU U170 The Later Roman Empire
CLHU U172 The Early Roman Empire
CLHU U174 The Byzantine Empire
CLHU U175 The Ancient Novel
CLHU U180 Ancient Mystery Cults
DRAM U130 World Theatre I
ENGL U130 Renaissance Masterworks
ENGL U132 Visions of Utopia
ENGL U149 The Idea of the Self
ENGL U188 The World of the Vikings
ENGL U189 Chaucer and His World
ENGL U195 The Legend of Robin Hood
ENGL U199 Arthurian Legend
JPNS U150 Culture in Pre-modern Japan
MUGN U168 Introduction to Western Art Music
PHIL U130 Aesthetics
PHIL U137 Indian Philosophy
PHIL U138 Philosophy and Literature
PHIL U139 Divine Madness
PHIL U154 Postmodernism and Feminism
PHIL U158 Philosophical Anthropology
PHIL U160 Worldviews and Ethics
PHIL U162 Classics in Moral Literature
RELS U133 Zen I
RELS U134 Christian Mysticism
RELS U136 Parables of Jesus
RELS U139 Experience of Grace
RELS U143 Woman in Christian Tradition
RELS U145 Bible and Modern Issues
RELS U146 Judaism
RELS U147 New Testament as Literature
RELS U148 Christian Origins
RELS U149 Old Testament as Literature
RELS U153 Hindu Paths to God
RELS U155 The Prophetic Traditions
RELS U159 Jesus in New Testament
RELS U163 The Ancient Mind
RELS U165 Spiritual Ways of China
RELS U169 Death: Comparative Views
RELS U170 Poets and Sages: Old Testament
RELS U175 The Bible and Creation
RELS U177 Buddhism
RELS U181 Women in the World Religions
RELS U185 Heresies and Heretics
RELS U186 Medieval Synthesis
RELS U188 Sin: History of an Idea
RELS U196 Law: Ancient World
RELS U199 Apocalyptic Literature
VISA U130 Medieval Art
VISA U136 Images of Women in Arts
VISA U143 The Art and History of the Book

Modern Courses

DRAM V132 World Theatre II
DRAM V142 Black Theatre to 1940
DRAM V143 Black Theatre: 1940 — Present
DRAM V144 American Myth and Drama
DRAM V150 American Lyrical Theatre
DRAM V160 Theatre in Contemporary Culture
ENGL V134 Literature and Justice
ENGL V144 Screen Power
ENGL V150 Myth and Literature
ENGL V154 Women in American Literature
ENGL V159 Romantic Words/Pictures
ENGL V169 Multicultural Literature
ENGL V170 The American Character
ENGL V173 The African Novel
ENGL V174 Women’s Literature
ENGL V175 Black Women Novelists
ENGL V176 Literary Modernism
ENGL V177 Harlem Renaissance
ENGL V178 Black Thought and Art
ENGL V179 Feminist Readings
ENGL V180 Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature
ENGL V185 Contemporary Catholic Writers
ENGL V192 The Sixties Through Literature
FREN V140 France and the Modern Experience
JPNS V151 Culture in Early Modern Japan
JPNS V152 Modern Japanese Culture
JPNS V153 Japanese Animation and Culture
LING V134 Role of Language
PHIL V134 Medical Ethics
PHIL V135 Philosophy of Right
PHIL V140 European World Views
PHIL V141 Philosophical Perspective on Woman
PHIL V143 Environmental Philosophy
PHIL V144 Philosophy of Law
PHIL V150 Relativism
PHIL V152 Making Moral Decisions
PHIL V164 Scientific Revolutions
PHIL V170 Philosophy of Knowledge
PHIL V173 Auschwitz and After
PHIL V177 Minds and Machines
PHIL V178 Philosophy of God
PHIL V180 Freedom and Oppression
PHIL V186 Religious Experience and Philosophy
PHIL V198 Ethics of Sex/Marriage
RELS V130 Faith, Science, and Religion
RELS V142 Christian Ethics
RELS V144 Social Policy and the Christian
RELS V151 Protestant Christianity
RELS V152 Catholicism
RELS V158 Ignatius Loyola
RELS V160 Discovering Islam
RELS V164 20th-century Religious Thought
RELS V167 Native American Religions
RELS V168 Mystery of Suffering
RELS V187 Feminism and Theology
RELS V191 The Mass of the Roman Rite
RELS V198 Psychology and Religion
SPAN V135 Women Writers of Spanish America
SPAN V161 Latin American Thought
VISA V138 Romantic Vision
VISA V140 Modernism in Art and Literature
VISA V141 Art in Contemporary Culture
VISA V142 Architecture and Society
MUGN V142 History of Dance
MUGN V172 Jazz in American Culture

Modern Courses

BIOL Z130 Human Ecology
BIOL Z132 Impact of Biology on Society
BIOL Z136 Evolution
BIOL Z138 Genetics and Society
BIOL Z142 Microbes: Friend or Foe?
BIOL Z144 Mississippi River Delta Ecology
CHEM Z130 World Food and Nutrition
COSC Z132 The Computer Impact
MATH Z132 Problem Solving in Ecology
PHYS Z130 Faith, Science, and Religion
PHYS Z134 Astronomy

Part Four–Foreign Language

All students who enter B.A. or B.S. degree programs (either as freshmen or as transfers) will be required to pass a second-semester course in a foreign language or demonstrate equivalent knowledge by placing into a higher level on a departmental examination. See full explanation under Foreign Language Requirements elsewhere in this bulletin.

Part Five–General Electives

Electives: It is important that the student have considerable freedom to choose those courses or series of courses which interest him or her, for whatever reason, so that the student’s education may be rich and full. The number of hours a student may elect depends to a large extent on the major. See statements below for limitations on elective credit.

CURRICULUM DESIGN for Professional Studies' Students

The curriculum is divided into four basic components, and although all students have the same basic core requirements, each degree program has specific requirements in the major and adjunct areas.

Major courses–are those courses in particular disciplines, which lead to a bachelor’s degree.

Adjunct courses–are those required courses in areas supportive of the major.

Core Curriculum (Professional Studies' Students)

Core courses–are those courses, which, in the liberal arts tradition, ensure the degree-seeking student a well-rounded education. All degree-seeking students have the following core course requirements (42 hours total):

Writing COMP C119 3
Philosophy PHIL C122 3
Religious Studies RELS C119 3
Literature LIT C260 3
Liberal Arts and Sciences:    
Social Sciences HIST C119 3
Two social science electives from two different disciplines 6
Mathematics MATH C112 3
Natural Science science elective 3
Arts/Humanities fine arts elective 3
literature elective   3
philosophy elective   3
religious studies elective   3
Liberal Arts elective   3

Free electives are those courses chosen from among all offerings, which the student may schedule for enrichment or professional development. 


Transfer work:

  1. Remedial work taken at Loyola or at other institutions will not apply to Humanities and Natural Sciences degree programs.

  2. The dean’s office will determine the applicability of the student’s transfer credit as accepted by the Office of Admissions to the Humanities and Natural Sciences degree programs.


  1. Students may not go back and do freshman-level work in a subject in which they have already successfully completed a more advanced course.

  2. No more than 20 hours may be taken in any one semester without the authorization of the dean. No more than six hours may be taken in any one summer term without authorization of the dean.

  3. Humanities and Natural Sciences students must obtain prior written permission of their adviser and/or department chair and the dean in order to take courses at another university (summer school, study abroad, etc.). Permission will not be given to students on academic probation.

  4. Intensive Weekend courses are not open to Humanities and Natural Sciences degree-seeking students.

  5. Courses in physical education will not apply to the degree programs in Humanities and Natural Sciences.


Qualified students who have completed two full semesters of their freshman year and have earned a minimum GPA of 3.0 may pursue two majors within the College of Humanities and Natural Sciences. Such students must successfully complete the Common Curriculum requirements of the first major as well as the major and named adjunct requirements for both declared degree programs of study as set forth in the Undergraduate Bulletin.Students must successfully complete the comprehensive examination requirements for both majors if the departments require a comprehensive examination.Students who complete the requirements for two majors will receive only one degree from Loyola. However, the transcript will indicate which bachelor’s degree (B.A. or B.S.) was awarded as well as the two majors which were completed.Students interested in pursuing a double major should consult with the associate dean.